2024 German Development Economics Conference

The 2024 German Development Economics conference took place on 23-24 May, 2024, and was hosted by the Leibniz University Hannover. The annual conference brings together international scholars and researchers of development economics and neighboring fields. Plenary sessions with keynote speakers, parallel sessions with contributed papers, and poster sessions will reflect the current state of research in development economics and provide a forum for exchange for researchers and practitioners.

© Daniel Vogl / LUH
Conference participants (© Brajan Gruszka / LUH)
Keynote Speakers

Sandra Sequeira (London School of Economics)
Tavneet Suri (MIT Sloan School of Management)

Local Organizer

Martin Gassebner (Leibniz Universität Hannover)

Program Chair

Krisztina Kis-Katos (University of Göttingen)

Selection Committee

Axel Dreher (Heidelberg University), Andreas Fuchs (University of Göttingen), Martin Gassebner (Leibniz University Hannover), Esther Gehrke (Wageningen University), Michael Grimm (University of Passau), Isabel Günther (ETH Zürich), Krisztina Kis-Katos (University of Göttingen), Christian Leßmann (TU Dresden), Matthias Schündeln (Goethe University Frankfurt) and Rainer Thiele (Kiel Institute).

Submission

The CfP closed on February 15.

Program

The program can be found here.

Call for Papers – Fragile Lives 2024

Fragile Lives 2024 is an international expert conference on the use of rigorous, scientific evidence for the development of knowledge-based policy interventions in fragile, conflict-affected and under-developed scenarios. It will focus specifically on how poly-crises shape individuals, institutions, and interventions at the micro-level and the policies that can boost resilience and coping capacities in the context of these shocks.

Fragile Lives 2024 will take place on 1 & 2 October 2024 at Unter den Linden 6, 10117 Berlin in Germany. It is organized jointly by the Zero Hunger Lab of Humboldt-University of Berlin with IRI THESys and Leibniz Institute of Vegetables and Ornamental Crops (IGZ).

In addition to its panel sessions and keynote speeches, Fragile Lives 2024 will also host the annual workshops of the Households in Conflict Network (HiCN), the Leibniz Environment And Development Symposium (LEADS), and the Methods Working Group of German Association for Peace and Conflict Studies (AFK Methods), enabling a unique level of interaction between experts from international donor organizations, practitioners, and cutting-edge academic research.

The submission deadline for all calls is 10 May 2024. Any full paper submitted may be considered for a special issue proposal for the Journal of Peace Research. The organizers may be able to offer support for travel costs for a limited number of junior / Global South researchers. Further information can be found here.


Research of Members

Danzer, Alexander M., and Lennard Zyska. 2023. „Pensions and Fertility: Microeconomic Evidence.“ American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 15 (2): 126-65. DOI: 10.1257/pol.20200440

A long-standing theoretical claim is that children serve as their parents' retirement assets in the absence of formal social security systems. But how can this hypothesis be tested empirically? The paper studies the context by examining the introduction of a comprehensive and financially lucrative pension system in Brazil. While employees in metropolitan areas have been paying into a state pension system for several decades, employees and self-employed people in rural areas of Brazil only gained access to a state pension scheme with the constitutional reform of 1991. The research shows that women who were able to qualify for the state pension system at a young age actually had fewer children. Compared to the control group (women in urban settlement areas for whom no change was made in pension provision), the women affected by the introduction of the pension system had on average 1.3 fewer children at the age of 45, and thus fewer than 4 children per woman. This accelerated the decline in birth rates in rural Brazil that had already been occurring for many decades. The pension reform thus exacerbated the demographic undermining of the pay-as-you-go pension system in Brazil.

Liebenehm, Sabine, Ingmar Schumacher, and Eric Strobl. 2023. Rainfall Shocks and Risk Aversion: Evidence from Southeast Asia. American Journal of Agricultural Economics. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajae.12403

Empirical evidence on the temporal stability of risk aversion and the role of exogenous shocks is inconclusive. In this paper we revisit this problem and analyze whether and to what extent risk aversion changes in response to rainfall shocks in an agrarian setting, and the role of changes in yields and output prices as two potential channels. We study this both in a simple theoretical model and in an extensive empirical study. The theoretical model predicts that under prudence, households that are either a net seller, a net buyer, or autarkic, increase risk aversion. To test the model predictions, we use a panel data set of the same 1,005 respondents from Northeastern Thailand and Central Vietnam (TVSEP) interviewed across five survey waves between 2008 and 2017 and combine it with historical rainfall data at the village level to capture negative rainfall shocks. Our empirical strategy exploits exogenous variation in the timing, location, and magnitude of rainfall shortages to identify their effect on risk aversion. We find that rainfall shortages increase respondents’ risk aversion, a finding remarkably stable across alternative specifications. The magnitude of the main effect of rainfall shortages on risk aversion is largest among net buyers, and approximately half the size among net sellers. Autarkic households do not exhibit a significant effect. Although rainfall shortages lead to significant reductions in agricultural yields and significant increases in commodity prices, the mediation analysis suggests that these market mechanisms do not play a significant role, except for a small statistically significant mediating effect of prices among the net buying household group. The finding that rainfall shortages lead to significant increases in risk aversion, especially among households that depend on local markets to buy food, has potentially important implications for food security and poverty dynamics. An increased level of risk aversion can undermine investments, e.g., in a beneficial technology, induce forgone returns, and increase the likelihood to fall or being pushed further below the poverty line.

Further Information.


Vacancies

Wissenschaftliche*r Mitarbeiter*in (m/w/d) an der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU)

Am Lehrstuhl für Volkswirtschaftslehre: Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft des Nahen Ostens (Prof. Dr. Christine Binzel) ist zum 1.10.2024 die Stelle eines wissenschaftlichen Mitarbeiters / einer wissenschaftlichen Mitarbeiterin (m/w/d) zu besetzen.

Die Möglichkeit zur wissenschaftlichen Qualifikation (Promotion) ist in einem der Forschungsbereiche der Professur (Entwicklungsökonomie, Wirtschaftsgeschichte, Politische Ökonomie, Angewandte Mikroökonomie) am Fachbereich Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften der FAU gegeben. Die Teilnahme an relevanten Kursen des Bavarian Graduate Program in Economics (http://www.bgpe.de/) wird erwartet. Ein Forschungsinteresse zum Nahen Osten ist nicht zwingend notwendig.

Es handelt sich um eine Teilzeitstelle mit 70% einer Vollbeschäftigung und damit 3,5 SWS Lehre pro Semester. Die Stelle ist befristet für zunächst drei Jahre; eine Verlängerung ist möglich. Eingruppierung je nach Qualifikation und persönlichen Voraussetzungen: Entgeltgruppe 13 TV- L. Die Möglichkeit von Home-Office an bestimmten Werktagen ist nach Absprache gegeben.

Bewerbungen werden bis zum 19.05.2024 entgegengenommen. Weitere Informationen finden Sie here.

Postdoctoral Researcher in Economics at Wageningen University

The Section Economics based at Wageningen University is inviting applications for a two-year postdoctoral fellowship position starting on October 1, 2024. As postdoctoral researcher, you will work in a NWO funded project focusing on the intra-household allocation of educational resources in low- and middle income countries. In particular, you will be responsible for the preparation and implementation of a field experiment in Indonesia. Your tasks include experiment and survey design, communication with research partners, data analysis and drafting of articles in close collaboration with the team members. You are expected to dedicate at least 75% of your research time to this project, while the remaining 25% can be spent on your own research initiatives.

All applications should be submitted by June 2, 2024. Further information can be found here.


Event Information

Call for Papers: Africa in the global economy – Uncertain future in turbulent times?

The 2nd edition of the international research conference „Africa in the global economy – Uncertain future in turbulent times?“ hosted by the German Institute of Development and Sustainability (IDOS) will take place in person on 5-6 December 2024 in Bonn, Germany. The organizers invite scholars to submit abstracts on their work on deepened economic relationships within Africa and with external partners until 1 May. The conference is jointly organized by IDOS, AERC, Boston University, ERF, the Nelson Mandela School of Public Governance and the Research Network Sustainable Global Supply Chains.

Further details can be found here.

Call for Papers – „Finance and Development“ Workshop

Financial systems are developing rapidly around the global South. These developments increase the need for research into their effects, especially regarding issues of financial inclusion and individual as well as institutional responses.

To this end Heidelberg University’s South Asia Institute and the Department of Economics will host the sixth annual workshop “Finance and Development” in Heidelberg, Germany, on May 16 in the afternoon and May 17, 2024.

Deadline for submitting full papers and presenter nominations is February 2, 2024, with selection decisions to follow by March 8.

Further information can be found here.

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